Bipolar disorder is one of the most common, severe, and persistent mental illnesses. Bipolar disorder is characterised by periods of deep, prolonged, and extreme depression that alternate with periods of an excessively elevated and/or irritable mood known as mania.
What is Bipolar Disorder?
What are the signs of Bipolar Disorder?
The signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder are varied. Many of these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, making this condition hard to diagnose. The signs of bipolar disorder can generally be divided into those for mania, and those for depression.
Feeling overly happy or “high” for long periods of time
Having a decreased need for sleep
Talking very fast, often with racing thoughts
Feeling extremely restless or impulsive
Being easily distracted
Feelings of overconfidence
Engaging in risky behaviour
Feeling sad or hopeless for long periods
Withdrawing from friends and family
Losing interest in activities that you once enjoyed
Significant change in appetite
Severe fatigue or lack of energy
Problems with memory, concentration, and decision making
What are the causes of Bipolar Disorder?
The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown. Contributing factors may include:
Brain chemicals (neurotransmitters)
How do I know if I have Bipolar Disorder?
Diagnosing bipolar disorder can be challenging, involving screening through careful history-taking to identify risk factors, ruling out other causes for bipolar disorder, and the use of diagnostic surveys, usually performed by a psychologist or psychiatrist.