Endometriosis is a condition that affects a woman’s reproductive organs when the lining of the uterus grows outside of it affecting the uterine wall and the gastrointestinal tract. Endometriosis can affect bladder, bowel, fertility and emotional health.
What is Endometriosis?
What are the signs of Endometriosis?
The symptoms of endometriosis vary depending on the severity. Some of the symptoms may include:
Vomiting and/or diarrhoea associated with the pain
Spotting before or in between periods
Increased frequency of urination
Change in bowel movements
Infertility and miscarriage
Some have no symptoms and it is discovered during surgery, or after not falling pregnant (infertility)
What are the causes of Endometriosis?
The cause of endometriosis is somewhat unknown. However, possible associations can vary and may include:
Family history of endometriosis
Retrograde (backwards) menstruation
Metaplasia – the change of normal pelvic tissue into endometriosis
First period occurring before 11 years of age
The type of period – heavy bleeding, lasting longer than five days; regularly fewer than 27 days between periods
Low body weight.
How do I know if I have Endometriosis?
To diagnose endometriosis, your doctor is likely to ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical exam or request the following tests:
Full blood count (FBC)
Female hormone profile